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Underwater. Nautical. Marine. Why maritime?
In 1978 Keith Muckelroy argued for maritime archaeology over the others. Nautical refers to ships, but archaeologists also work on sunken cities. Marine refers to the ocean, but we dive in lakes and rivers, too. Underwater seems fitting, but Vikings chiefs were buried in ships on land. Recognizing these issues, Muckelroy chose the "maritime" to encompass all aspects of seafaring cultures. MaritimeArchaeology.com explores the many treasures of the past available to scientific research.